Birding and Beaches: Costa Rica Birdwatching Tour

frigate bird costa ricaMany birdwatchers think that in order to visit a destination and find many new species to add to their life bird lists, they will need to trudge for miles and miles through swamps, forests, jungles, and muddy trails. Costa Rica is such a special place for bird watching because it is easy to create a birdwatching tour vacation for the birder and the non-birder in the couple, family or group. Last week, my husband and I left our home in the Central Valley of Costa Rica to visit the Guanacaste beach area, and then make a stop at the Los Angeles Cloud Forest in San Ramon.   We are both avid birders, so yes, of course, we were planning on some bird watching, but this was the first get-away we have had together for a while, so we also wanted some downtime for beaches, pools, and cocktails. Like normal, we hugged the dogs goodbye, re-checked for binoculars, wished our dog sitter good luck (10 dogs, lots of work), and set out northwest to the Pacific Coast and the beautiful Playa Conchal area. We generally keep our eyes to the skies, even as we leave our house. This was not planned to be a birdwatching tour, per se, but being passionate about birds, and since it was migration time, we were hoping to see some new species to add to our year bird list. Many birdwatching tours in Costa Rica will skip over Guanacaste in favor of the Central and Southern Pacific regions, but if you have done the Central Pacific, and the Osa Peninsula, your next birding trip to Costa Rica should include Guanacaste.

Spotting the First Birds

blue crowned motmot costa ricaBack to our trip, we bounced along in our good ol’ Toyota Four Runner, down the unpaved road taking us from our house to the main street outside our little town. We spotted turkey vultures, black vultures, rufous-naped wrens, yellow warblers, tropical kingbirds, Kiskadees, Steely-vented hummingbirds, and a short-tailed hawk (we were not even 1 mile away). We continued along the highway, spotting a lot of vultures of course, and a roadside hawk, until finally, we reached the coastal town of Puntarenas. There is a small mud-flat there, we stopped for a quick look and found a couple spotted sand-pipers but nothing else.  It is a 3.5-hour drive from the Central Valley to Guanacaste, so we decided to keep moving, as we wanted to make it to the beach by sunset. The drive was uneventful, we did see a troop of Howler Monkeys in the trees overhead, and several flocks of orange chinned parrots (signaling the start of the dry season in Costa Rica), but for the most part, there were what we call “the usual suspects.” Kiskadees, tropical kingbirds, vultures, roadside hawks, grey hawks, cattle egrets, great egrets, and social flycatchers.

Playa Conchal: Admiring The Birds and Wildlife Too!

Arriving at our hotel at Playa Conchal, we were happy to see the sprawling golf course (great place for bird watching) and to find a map of the trails at the on-site reserve. In the morning, we planned to rise early and check out the property in order to see what we might see in the area. We did take the late afternoon to have a few cocktails, take a lovely swim in the clear warm water at Playa Conchal, and watch the sunset beautifully over the Pacific Ocean. Just walking around the resort property that afternoon, we were impressed with the wildlife we encountered. We saw Variegated squirrels, Coatimundis (with babies, so cute), white-faced capuchin monkeys, howler monkeys, an armadillo, and lots of iguanas. The birding was great too because the resort has done a great job of maintaining lush green areas. The hotel also borders a 96-acre private wildlife reserve that includes a dry tropical forest, an estuary, and a mangrove swamp. This diverse array of habitats creates a fantastic place for birdwatching in Costa Rica.

A Perfect Day for Birdwatching in Central Guanacaste

ferruginous pygmy owl bird costa rica Our first morning, we set the alarms for 5:00 a.m. (it gets light about 5:30) and were greeted by the hoots of owls, right outside our terrace door. Upon investigation we found two Pacific Screech Owls perched just a few feet away. That was a great omen to start the day. We headed through the grounds of the hotel, towards the golf course, and saw Clay-colored robins, white-winged doves, boat-billed flycatchers, and the gorgeous streak-backed oriole (to name a few). We continued to the golf course, and at the first pond, we were happily surprised to find two lovely Lesser Scaups. They were so pretty in the early morning sunlight. Under a large Guanacaste tree, we spied several double-striped thick knees and at the second pond a Ringed Kingfisher and a Tri-colored Heron. Next, we took a trail into the wooded portion of the reserve. There were Scrub Euphonias, a Thicket Tinamou, Lesser Greenlets, a Black Headed Trogon, Banded Wrens, and many Melodious Blackbirds. The trail looped us around to the paved road, which turned out to be successful as we encountered several mixed flocks. Tanagers were everywhere, Blue & Grey, Summer, Western, as well as a cute Brown Crested Flycatcher, Groove-billed Anis, Rufus Capped Warblers, Squirrel Cuckoos, and a long-tailed manakin. Continuing down to the beach we first visited the river mouth. There we found the spotted sandpipers, a Yellow Crowned Night Heron, Great Egret, Little Blue Heron, and mangrove swallows. Along the beach, we enjoyed both the Elegant and Royal Terns, and lots of Brown Pelicans. We had a very special sighting too, a White-Necked Puffbird, perched on a bare limb, right in the open. We had a great look. We only spent about 2 hours around the hotel, on the trail, and then on the beach and we logged about 100 species. Imagine a day like that, at a beach hotel, that is why Costa Rica Birdwatching is so great.  

Papagayo Peninsula: Relaxing and Birdwatching

The following morning, we left central Guanacaste to the Northernmost peninsula, The Papagayo Peninsula. Our hotel was located at the beach surrounded by the dry tropical forest typical of Guanacaste. Again, we chose well because the combination of resort amenities, beautiful pool and spa, natural beach, and the clear water of Culebra Bay PLUS the surrounding forest made us know we were in for a great time relaxing and bird watching experience. It was a typical hot Guanacaste afternoon so our first stop after check-in was the swimming pool. No sooner had we gotten in the pool when a huge troop of white-faced capuchin monkeys visited the pool. There were tiny newborn babies, clinging to their mamas, and juveniles chattering and playing with each other, jumping through the trees, chasing each other everywhere. It was really cute. I guess that one of the youngsters thought the pool looked pretty good, as he came to the edge of the infinity pool, and lay down, dangling an arm and a leg into the cool water. He lay there, looking at us like, “Yeah? What’s wrong with this?”  “I’m just doing what you’re doing.” It was incredible. We were also visited by toucans, white-fronted parrots, Brown-hooded Parrots, and an Osprey. It was a great start to our visit on the Papagayo Peninsula. We spent the next day mostly relaxing by the pool. From the pool, we Coppery Emerald Hummingbird, a Great Crested Fly Catcher and a Rose-throated Becard. To make the day even better, I spied something moving mid-canopy, at first, I thought it was a monkey, but WOW, it was a Tamandua (Anteater). That was really special.

Los Angeles Reserve: Birding in the Cloud Forest

migration ruby throated hummingbird costa ricaAfter two days enjoying the sun of Guanacaste, it was time for us to move on to our last stop, the cool misty cloud forest of the Los Angeles Reserve, just outside the town of San Ramon. We were greeted by a blanket of mist, and temperatures that dropped rapidly. It felt good to be in the cool fresh air after the heat of Guanacaste. The gardens at our hotel were alive with hummingbirds, sparrows, and wrens. The Violet Sabrewing (the largest hummingbird in Costa Rica) zoomed by, the charming little Bananaquits chirped in the verbenas, and the Mountain Elaenias came to check us out.  When the fog got too dense and the afternoon too dark, we retired to the hotel lounge and sat in front of a roaring fire enjoying a glass of wine and one of our favorite typical dishes, Ayote Soup (Squash soup). We planned for an early morning walk into the cloud forest, so we went to bed early. Our quaint, rustic room included our own fireplace. We lit a toasty fire and fell asleep to the sound of the wood crackling, it was heavenly. The rain was our morning alarm, but we decided to brave the conditions and at least get an hour in the Cloud Forest. So, ponchos on, we made our way down an easy path through the mystical, magical cloud forest. There is no way to fully describe the cloud forest. You simply must experience it. The lushness, the depth of the greens, the smell of the earth, the plants and vines, and trees and the birds, Oh the birds. We only had about 30 minutes before the deluge came but, in that time, we spotted a Dusky Antbird, Red-Faced Spinetail, Rufous-Tailed Jacamar, Spotted Woodcreeper, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Wilson’s Warbler and much more (see full list below). We could have easily spent hours exploring the area but hard rain and the need for breakfast called us back to the lodge. With an unfavorable weather forecast upon us, we decided to pack it up and head back to the Central Valley. It was an amazing trip, and a great reminder of how amazing bird watching in Costa Rica truly is. Visitors can experience several different climate zones, and see a huge array of birds, even on a 5-night birding tour to Costa Rica.

If you are interested, here is the full list of birds we spotted on our trip:

    1. Tropical King Bird
    2. Black-Bellied Whistling Duck
    3. Clay-colored Robin
    4. White-throated Magpie-Jay
    5. Pacific Screech Owl
    6. Rufous Naped Wren
    7. White Tipped Dove
    8. Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher
    9. Magnificent Frigatebird
    10. Rufous Tailed Hummingbird
    11. Great-Tailed Grackle
    12. Yellow-headed Caracara
    13. Crested Caracara
    14. Orange-Fronted Parakeets
    15. White-Fronted Parrot
    16. Great Kiskadee
    17. Rock Dove
    18. White Winged Dove
    19. Ferruginous Pygmy Owl
    20. Yellow Naped Parrots
    21. Ringed Kingfisher
    22. Amazon Kingfisher
    23. Lesser Scaup
    24. Northern Jacana
    25. Spotted Sandpiper
    26. Thicket Tinamou
    27. White Lore Gnatcatcher
    28. Lesser Greenlet
    29. Blue-Crowned Motmot
    30. Black Headed Trogon
    31. Western Tanager
    32. Summer Tanager
    33. Turquois Browed Motmot
    34. White Necked Puffbird
    35. Royal Tern
    36. Elegant Tern
    37. Brown Pelican
    38. Tri-colored Heron
    39. Great Egret
    40. Great Blue Heron
    41. Cattle Egret
    42. Yellow Crowned Night Heron
    43. Green Heron
    44. Melodious Black Bird
    45. Baltimore Oriole
    46. Streak Back Oriole
    47. Banded Wren
    48. Rufous-naped Wren
    49. Boat Billed Flycatcher
    50. Social Flycatcher
    51. Brown Crested Flycatcher
    52. Blue-winged Teal
    53. Double Stiped Thick knees
    54. Scrub Euphonia
    55. Common Black Hawk
    56. Pauraque
    57. Turkey Vulture
    58. Black Vulture
    59. Mangrove Swallow
    60. Barn Swallow
    61. Ruby Throated Hummingbird
    62. White-tipped Dove
    63. Red billed Pigeon
    64. Orange Chinned Parakeet
    65. Groove Billed Ani
    66. Hoffman’s Woodpecker
    67. Yellow Warbler
    68. Rufous Capped Warbler
    69. Northern Beardless Tyrannulet
    70. Rose Throated Becard
    71. Stipe Headed Sparrow
    72. Squirrel Cuckoo
    73. Great Crested Flycatcher
    74. Long Tailed Manakin
    75. Red-Eyed Vireo
    76. Grey Breasted Martin
    77. Broad Winged Hawk
    78. Osprey
    79. Canivet’s Emerald
    80. Red lored parrots
    81. Brown hooded parrots
    82. Yellow-billed Cacique
    83. Gray Hawk
    84. Ochraceous Wren
    85. Grey breasted Wren
    86. Scaly Throated Foliage Gleaner
    87. Scaly Crested Pygmy Tyrant
    88. Chestnut Capped Brush Finch
    89. Orange Billed Nightingale Thrush
    90. Green Hermit
    91. Violet Crowned Woodnymph
    92. Coppery headed Emerald
    93. Violet Sabrewing
    94. Green-Crowned Brilliant
    95. Rufous Collared Sparrow
    96. Stripe Headed Sparrow
    97. Silver Throated Tanager
    98. Anhinga
    99. Black Necked Stilt
    100. Least Grebe
    101. Greater Yellowlegs
    102. Southern Lapwing
    103. Keel billed Toucan
    104. Wood Stork
    105. Dusky Antbird
    106. Red-faced Spine tail
    107. Common Ground Dove
    108. White Crowned Parrot
    109. Rufous Tailed Jacamar
    110. Spotted Woodcreeper
    111. House Wren
    112. Yellow Faced Grassquit
    113. Mountain Elaenia
    114. Common Chlorospingus
    115. Black Phoebe
    116. Tufted Flycatcher
    117. Rose-throated Becard
    118. Yellow throated vireo
    119. Blue Grey Tanager
    120. Chestnut sided Warbler
    121. Tropical Parula
    122. Tennessee Warbler
    123. Blue and White Swallow

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